Importance of Light
Since the beginning there has been light. We’ve used it for many applications over the years, the most basic being to allow for sight. Light has also been used as way of communicating for centuries. In more recent decades light has become an essential part of high speed digital communication, in the form of fibre optics. Fibre optics allows for lots of data to be sent, very quickly, all over the world, using very long glass cables. However fibre optics can be expensive and still requires cables, which sometimes can be useful for security, but not always practical.
What is LiFi?
Recently researchers have discovered a way of using light for wireless communications as well. They have dubbed it LiFi or Light Fidelity. It works using LED bulbs, similar to ones emerging for use in homes. You will be able to use the same, specially configured, light bulb to light your room and act as a LiFi Access Point.
Click on the diagram to find out more about how LiFi could work.
LiFi works by turning LEDs on an off again, at a speed that is subtle enough to not be detectable by the human eye, but still slow enough for the receiver. Due to the vast amount of colours or wavelengths there are in the visible light spectrum, many numbers of LiFi channels are available. This means that plenty of data can be transferred simultaneously using multiple channels.
What if I Want to Turn the Light Out?
Thankfully the boffins are already onto this problem. They are currently working on a way of dimming the LEDs to the point that you cannot see the light coming from them, but the computer LiFi receiver can. Clever stuff!
Advantages of LiFi over WiFi
Significantly Lower Power Consumption
Radio masts are very inefficient and require vast sums of power in order to broadcast and in some cases keep them cool enough to operate. LEDs on the other hand use very little power (much less than a fluorescent bulb), meaning LiFi also uses very little power. At the same time LiFi can also light a room, meaning it can do two jobs for the price of one.
LiFi Has More Channels
The radio frequency is running out of “free” channels that we can use. The visible light spectrum, which LiFi uses, has vastly more potential channels and therefore would help solve this problem.
LiFi is Safer to Use
WiFi and other radio waves can be dangerous to use in some places, such as areas with flammable gas in the air. Light on the other-hand is used in these areas and is known to be safe, therefore LiFi is a viable technology that could be used.
Microwave wireless devices, such as mobile phones and WiFi routers, have much evidence to suggest they have negative health effects. Natural light is essential to life on earth and known to be safe. LEDs were invented by Oleg Losev in 1927 and so far appear to be safe also, therefore LiFi should be much safer than WiFi.
LiFi is More Secure
One of WiFi’s biggest pit falls is it will travel through walls and out of a buildings, therefore leting anyone to try and connect to it. LiFi will not travel through walls, it can only go where light can travel. Therefore if you close your blackout curtains, not even someone stood directly outside your window will be able to try and connect to your LiFi network.
Harald Haas’s LiFi TED Talk
LiFi Sources and Further Information